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defined vs accidental damage

Do you know the difference between an 'accident' vs 'defined events' policy?


In the aftermath of the recent weather catastrophe, many property owners came to the realization that they may not have the correct cover in place, leaving them unable to make a claim and out of pocket.

It’s time like these that the value of having an insurance broker to assist with your cover becomes evident. Not only because they do all the leg work in finding you the most appropriate cover for your situation, but more importantly because they can simplify the insurance fine print and make it clear as to what you are and are not covered for – so there’s no nasty surprises at claim time. 


Just because you have insurance, doesn’t mean you are covered.

When it comes to building and contents insurance, there are two choices –  and what is and isn’t covered varies wildly between insurers and policies. There is not a standard definition of events including flood, water run off or tidal surges.

The Insurance Council of Australia said 107,844 claims have been lodged over the floods in NSW and south-east Queensland, estimated to be worth $1.62bn. Many property owners decide to opt out of flood coverage or water run-off due to the increasing premium costs involved – only to be left out of pocket when their property is flooded or damaged during a wet weather event.


Most insurers in Australia provide a choice of cover for buildings and contents insurances:


Defined events, or Accidental damage.

When you are looking to buy House, Home and Contents or Landlord Insurance, understanding what the differences between these options are is the best approach. 

One works by stating what it does cover whereas the other operates by stating what it does not cover.


The concept of Defined events:
 There are several terms used to describe these types of policy, mainly: defined events, named perils, listed perils and extraneous perils.

Each of these terms refers to a policy that provides cover only for the specific events listed in the insurance contract. Such a list of covered events will typically include:

– fire, explosion
– lightning
– earthquake
– burglary or housebreaking or theft (excluding by a tenant or from any part of the building shared with another person who is not insured under the policy)
– theft of money or negotiable items by force used to enter the buildings (theft by a tenant is excluded)
– malicious damage or vandalism (except by a tenant)
– escape of liquid from such things as fixed pipes, gutters, fixed tank or a drain, washing machine or dishwasher, aquarium or waterbed
– burning out of electric motors less than 10 years old
– accidental breakage of fixed glass, hand basins, baths and toilet bowls or cisterns
– riot and civil commotion
– impact by aircraft or aerial device, television antenna or dish, vehicles or animals
– storm, rainwater or runoff (excluding flood)



The concept of Accidental damage:
Where Defined events policies cover only the specific events listed in the policy, accidental damage policies conversely cover all accidental loss or damage to buildings or contents, other than those events specifically excluded by the contract. Therefore, cover provided by accidental damage policies is generally much wider than for defined events policies.

A list of exclusions in an accidental damage policy will typically include loss or damage due to:

– landslide other than the cover listed under the defined events policy
– earth movement, shrinkage or expansion subsidence and erosion
– water damage because of structural defect, faulty design or faulty workmanship, tidal wave or tsunami

Generally, water damage that is considered “sudden and accidental” is covered  (like a burst pipe) but not gradual damage, like a leaking bathroom sink. It is important to note, flooding is not covered, such as damage from storm surge during heavy rain, cyclones or storms.

– rust, corrosion, rot, mildew, gradual deterioration or removal of support
– depreciation, wear or tear or neglect
– defective workmanship
– defect in design
– rats, mice or insects
– tree roots
– gradual escape of liquid
– incorrect sitting of buildings
– breakage of mirrors, glassware, crystal, crockery or china while they are being used, cleaned or carried by hand
– water entering your buildings through an opening made for any building, renovation or repair work
– war, invasion, act of foreign enemy, civil war, rebellion, revolution, insurrection, military or usurped power, destruction or acquisition by government or local authorities nuclear weapons, ionising radiations, or contamination by radioactivity from nuclear fuel.

This is not an exhaustive list, as each insurer will vary in the exclusions they apply.


Buying a property insurance policy purely on price or brand alone could leave you with exposures you hadn’t planned for, especially if you don’t take the time to understand and read through your insurance paper-work properly.


Using an insurance broker, local to your area that understands the risks local to your region, will ensure you not only have the correct cover with a reputable insurer, but that you are covered when it’s time to make a claim. Speak to our team today for an obligation free review, to make sure you’re covered.

Contact your local trusted Ausure Insurance Broker, or give us a call today on 1300 587 225, to review your property and business insurances.

Orignal article published by The Quotesonline Team January 10, 2017 Defined events vs Accidental damage Policy

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Here are some insurances that apply to most businesses.

Legal liability for injury or damage arising from your business or products.
 
Your portable business equipment - such as tools for a tradie.
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees
to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.

Protects premises from covered events such as theft, fire,  or natural disasters.





Loss of business income and increased expenses following a Fire & Perils loss
The maximum amount covered for the loss of a business's gross profit due to an interruption caused by an insured event.
The specified time frame during which a policy provides coverage for losses following an insured event.

Theft of property following forcible/violent entry to the premises
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees
to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees
to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees
to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.





Theft of property following forcible/violent entry to the premises

Theft of property following forcible/violent entry to the premises
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees
to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.

Theft of property following forcible/violent entry to the premises
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees
to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.
Coverage that protects against the loss or damage of perishable goods, such as food or pharmaceuticals, due to breakdown or failure of refrigeration or cooling systems.
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.


Can protect a business and its assets from financial loss due to unexpected
events, accidents, or liabilities that occur to goods whilst in transit.
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.
The maximum amount that an insurer agrees to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.

Can protect businesses against financial loss due to damage
or liability resulting from the use of commercial vehicles.
Vehicle Details
Cover Type


The maximum amount that an insurer agrees to pay in the event of a covered claim under a policy.


About the Vehicle












Insurance Specialty Covers - this applies to some businesses.

Some businesses require additional Insurance coverage. Please indicate below if you would like to know more information on any of these specialty Insurance Products.
Cover for Mobile Plant and Machinery and liability from their use
Machinery Details
Cover Type

* Agreed value option requires a licensed valuers written assessment of value of Machine

Sum Insured should be the Market Value of the machine and include the value of attachments and accessories or separately list and declare.
About the Machine/Equipment





Use of Machine/Equipment

Are any of your machines used or expected to be used:

Yes No



Can help mitigate financial losses resulting from cyber attacks,
data breaches, and other cyber-related risks.
Protects businesses and professionals from
loss due to professional negligence.
Protects businesses and managers for
employment actions, statutory obligations + others.
Can protect a business from financial losses due to
customers' inability to pay for goods or services on credit terms.
Costs of recalling/replacing products incl expert advice and brand management.
Protects builders/contractors from losses due to construction damage.
Protects businesses from from unexpected financial
losses whist employees are travelling.
Aircraft and/or liability associated with aircraft, airports or hangers
Commercial vessels and liability
Liability whilst repairing or working on vessels
Loss of income and expenses due to weather/non-appearance of performers
Legal expenses to defend patent, trademark or copyright
Protection for people who are injured whilst doing voluntary work
Your liability for injury to employees
Personal Accident Required Information

Personal Accident provides cover for accidents only. Personal Accident & Sickness will include Sickness also. Please note this does not extend to any pre-existing conditions.



Receive payments monthly or annually at claim time.

Period between when the claim occurs and when you will begin to receive payment.

In the event of a claim, how long will you receive payment.


Amount per week you would like to receive in the event of a claim. (Must be a true reflection of your earnings)

The lump sum that a policy can pay you if you suffer a permanent injury that leaves you unable to work. This is an additional payment to your weekly sum insured.


Declaration and Duty of Disclosure

When you apply for an insurance policy, or renew or extend your existing policy, you have to tell the insurer everything about you and your situation that is relevant or could reasonably be expected to be relevant to the insurer’s decision to insure you. You don’t need to disclose something you don’t know, that reduces the insurer’s risk, that is common knowledge, that the insurer knows or ought to know, or something that’s not relevant or the insurer has told you that you don’t need to disclose. With insurance, honesty is the best policy.


Disclosure Questions

If you answer 'Yes' to any of the questions, please enter full details below. 
Yes No


Claim Details





 
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